The new Department opened in 2001 upon recommendations based on a thorough market survey. The objective has been to establish a strong program in a much-needed specialization that would complement, rather than duplicate, the offerings of national universities. In reality, most Mechanical Engineering programs of study are oriented towards producing design engineering in the various sub-areas of Mechanical Engineering. However, the Mechatronics Engineering program is directed to fostering technological advances in the industry, equipment and methods, project level controls and management. The program is expected to fill the gap between the design- oriented education of Mechanical Engineering programs and industry. This gap has been a major concern of international organizations who are involved in Mechanical Engineering in Egypt, as well as Arab and African countries.